Agitator handbook

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Agitator handbook

Agitation, stirring the slurry that the biogas digester contains, is crucial to insuring that your digester will produce as much biogas as it can. There are two fundamental reasons for agitation:. The classic example in biogas arises from the fact that the symbiotic actions of several groups of bitty beasties produce fatty acids as the waste products of their life processes.

Digestion continues apace. Click image to see a larger version. This happens, mind you, depending somewhat on the design of the digester, in units of all sizes, from small to large, and whether they are above- or under-ground.

If you understand the idea of hydraulic retention time HRT: the average time that slurry stays in the digester before it is pushed out as effluentthen you will realize that as the active or effective volume of a digester is reduced, the actual HRT drops, and one runs the risk of "wash out" where the slurry in that snake rushes out, and does not stay in the digester long enough for the slow-growing methanogens to replace their numbers.

The population of necessary microorganisms falls, and, once again, the digester becomes stuck; effective digestion stops. The cure which prevents these and other bad outcomes is agitation. My answer? First and foremost, because of the nature of poly-panel digesters, we create the container, so we have full access to the inside thereof.

agitator handbook

The basic idea is that the production or, via pumping, introduction of biogas can provide the power to turn a wheel and agitate the contents of the digester. The agitator, looked at from the front, rotates clockwise, sweeping slurry down the right, across to the left, up, over, and down, moving toward the back of the digester. With the corner bubblers clearing out the corners of the cubic interior, the spiralling agitator God willing and with the generosity of physics will help keep the contents of a well-built [Cube] in active digestion.

The first agitator that we designed made use of half-circle cut-outs under the ends of the cups see next image to hold them in place. That was a fine way to do things, and it will still work. But whether it is an improvement or not, we decided to take a different approach. Click image for a larger picture.

The old-style agitator: struts, half-circle cut-outs, and cups white pipe. I tested the power of this agitator to turn by putting it on a horizontal axis and gradually filling one cup with water. Repeatedly, at about half to two-thirds full, the agitator turned. I moved from using wood half circles to creating a slot in the agitator strut which would hold the half-circle end of the cup. Originally decided to try this because I was concerned about screws in the digester rusting; but then I realized that metal could not rust— oxidize— inside an anaerobic digester, where there is no free oxygen.

Literature searches subsequently confirmed this.To browse Academia. Skip to main content. Log In Sign Up. Deshmukh J. Nayak N. Patil Namdev T. Manageremailid —namdevtpatil gmail. In these applications, the the minerals-processing industries, abrasion can be a settling velocities of the suspended solids are very low and significant issue. In this case, lower velocities may be the key mixing task becomes the blending of the highly- required to limit abrasion.

An increased impeller size can viscous, non- Newtonian mixture, rather than solids compensate for the lower velocities. During power failures, suspension. Tanks for such ore slurries can be up to sediments can quickly build up in suspension tanks. For high- viscosity slurries, tests with original product are Process experts as well as equipement manufactures indispensable to ensure good performance without have opined that the design of agitators for mixing Irone ore overdesign. In this paperWe will discuss the subject with 1.

Calculations for the the solid particles influence the fluid-particle slurry iron ore and water mixing agitator of a Pre — hydrodynamics and, thus, the suspension. The important disilication tank of Pellet Plant in Steel Industry. The hindering effect on the settling process due to the presence of several particles is 1.

In powders or Industrial gear unit series: MC slurries, the individual particles vary in size and shape. Choosing the largest particle size can result in a much higher agitator power than is required. To overcome this problem we are going to Where, redesign whole agitator gearbox assembly.

The settling velocity of particles density in our slurry tanks. This assembly is used for high viscous iron ore slurry applications having torque requirement more than N-m. Paul E. Mersmann, K. Kraume, M. Kolmogorov, A. Mezaki, R. Reynoldsschen Zahlen. Goering, H. Bhandari; Mc Graw- 4. Metzner A. Khurmi and J. Gupta; Eurasia 5.

agitator handbook

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MECHANICAL MUD AGITATORS

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Agitator Handbook

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Agitator Handbook

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Please enter your name. The E-mail message field is required. Please enter the message. Please verify that you are not a robot. Would you also like to submit a review for this item? You already recently rated this item. Your rating has been recorded.She later told me she recognized several Socialist Workers Party agitators in the room. He is the last man to listen to agitators and sedition-mongers—of that I am quite sure.

It is a favorite phrase used by the agitators in addressing the masses. When new laws are passed, the agitators explain them to the masses in terms that they will understand. But in spite of the shouts of agitatorsand wine given for nothing, the crowd hesitated.

Are words your bailiwick? Take the latest quiz on the words from July 6 to July 12 to find out. Words nearby agitator agitateagitatedagitated depressionagitationagitatoagitatoragitpopagitpropaglaiaaglaophon of thasosaglare.

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agitator handbook

Test Your Vocab Skills Now!Most mechanical mud agitators are driven by electric motors. Impellers sometimes called turbines convert mechanical power into fluid movement, much like the impeller of a centrifugal pump. Considerable study has been devoted to proper impeller design and placement. Every impeller transmits power to the fluid in two ways:.

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Two types of shafts are commonly used: solid shafts see Figure Either may be supplied in a variety of materials, with carbon steel being the most popular.

Solid shafts of mild carbon steel are generally cut to desired length and joined to the gearbox output shaft, usually with a rigid coupling. A machined key slot at the bottom provides a range of adjustment for proper impeller height installation.

A bottom end stabilizer should be installed when tank depths exceed 6 feet 1. Hollow steel shafts are especially suited for deep tanks. They may be supplied in flanged sections and bolted together, making installations possible where overhead height is limited. Most hollow shafts use contour swept-face impellers that are bolted in place see Figure Hollow shafts deflect less than solid steel shafts of the same cross-section modulus; that is, for the same mass of material, they resist bending due to their larger overall diameter.

Therefore, they are stiffer than solid shafts of equal or less weight. This equates to longer allowable shaft lengths. Critical speed vibration caused by shaft flexing under loads at startup is also less of a concern with hollow shafts.Mechanical agitator granulators as the name implies are granulators that by virtue of agitator speed, sweep volume, or bed pressures, generate relatively lower shear which has implications on the operating conditions and resultant granule properties.

Mechanical agitator granulators can also be referred to as low shear granulators. During granulation process, the active compound and other excipients are combined with a binder solution to form granules with a fixed composition through rotating low-shear forces via low-power-per-unit-mass with addition of a liquid. Granulators which operate by mechanical agitation include the following.

Shear is induced by either rotating impeller, reciprocal kneading action, or convection screw action. Ribbon blender popularly used as a dry mixer can serve as a very reliable granulator if a dry paste is formulated for the machine. The following is worthy of note when using a ribbon or paddle blender as a granulator. Planetary mixers which are mainly used to mix medium viscous to high viscous media can also be used as granulating equipment. When used as a granulator, planetary motion of the mixer is generated by rotating the agitator off an assembly in a direction opposite to that of the rotation of the agitator assembly as it moves around the bowl.

Despite the representations of planetary by different commercial names, like Hobart granulator, kitchen Aide granulator, etc, they still have the following basic makeup. Planetary mixer tends to be better of mixing drying powders in a horizontal plane than in a vertical plane and so may require a distinct dry blending step prior to wet granulation. Orbiting screw blender which is mainly used for dry mixing of powders when modified is used as a very gentle granulator mixer.

The following modifications along with a chopper in the sidewall make orbiting screw blender an effective granulator for powders, slurries, suspensions, and pastes.

Sigma blade mixer is a compressive granulator designed for kneading, mixing, and homogenizing wet, pasty and high viscous materials. The two sigma shaped blades which sit horizontally and parallel at the bottom of the mixing trough rotates in opposite directions at different speeds.

When used as a low shear granulator, the sigma blade mixer is proceeded by a dry mixer and the unit generates liquid added to the powder during granulation which facilitates the formation of uniform granules with binder matrix and good binder distribution. My husband and I own a small business and are in need of a new sigma blade mixer as the one we bought used keeps breaking down.

It makes sense though as not every material has the same consistency and so not every material is going to be able to be put into the same mixer.

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agitator handbook

Notify me of new posts by email. An antimicrobial agent is a natural or synthetic substance that interferes with the growth and activities of microorganisms that may Enter your email address to subscribe to this blog and receive notifications of new posts by email. Email Address. About Us Contact Us. Thursday, July 9, Mechanical Agitator Granulators by Pharmapproach.

June 18, Share on Facebook Share on Twitter. Contents 1 Subclasses of mechanical agitator granulators 2 i.

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Ribbon or Paddle Blender 3 ii. Planetary Mixer 4 iii.


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